Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs and The Treatments – Diabetes is a chronical disease where the body has decreasing ability to process glucose into the energy. Diabetes can happen to dogs, cats, horse, or other mammals, as well as humans. Diabetes in dogs, shockingly, is very common, and the types of diabetes are similar with diabetes in human. The first type (diabetes type I) is diabetes because of insulin deficiency. The second type (diabetes type II) is diabetes because of insulin resistance.
Insulin in healthy dog will induce muscles and organs to take glucose in blood cells and convert it to energy. In diabetic dog, insulin don’t work properly. Muscles and organs don’t get the signals from insulin to convert glucose to energy. Thus the amount of glucose will increase and lay unused in blood cells.
Symptoms of diabetes in dogs at early stage:
- Increased urination. Your dog needing to go outside starts to increase, as well as the “accidents” inside the house. The increased urination is happened because your dog’s body try to throw away the excessive amount of glucose in blood cells as well as the water that bounds glucose, and the only possible way is by sending it out through urine.
- Excessive thirst. The body try to compensate the loss of water by giving the thirst signal. Your dog may drink too often than usual.
- Always hungry. Your dog may ask you to fill the bowl all the time. It could be happened because the cells couldn’t get glucose to satisfy their needs. Thus your dog will always feel hungry.
- Weight loss. Even though your dog eats normal position and more frequent, it still lose the weight. It could be happened because the body couldn’t process the glucose properly, so that your dog lacks of nourishment and lose the weight.
As the time goes by, the symptoms will be turned into advanced signs:
- Lethargy because lacks of energy
- Lose appetite
In severe condition, canine diabetes may affect organs like:
- Infections in urinary tracts
- Dog’s liver growing larger
- Decreasing kidney’s function
Diabetes cannot be cured, but its progression can be delayed as long as possible by doing treatments like these:
- Diet. The recommended diet for diabetic dogs includes protein, fibers, complex carbohydrate, and low fats composition. Those composition allow the body to absorb glucose slower.
- Exercise. Moderate exercise can help the body to maintain the blood sugar levels. As long as your dog is consistent in exercising, its blood sugar levels won’t increase significantly.
- Insulin injections. Insulin injection is necessary for the dog with diabetes type I or severe diabetes type II. You as dog owner should learn how to inject properly. It may hard in the beginning, but later you can inject the insulin quickly and painlessly.
The key of treating dogs with diabetes is the commitment to maintain your dog to do exercise and diet, as well as the commitment to monitor its blood sugar level. If you keep with these commitment, there is no doubt your dog will live content and happily.